Thursday, January 20, 2011
(Revised time and location!) 3:30-5:00pm
Ordering pronominal and adverbial clitics in Palawanic languages
Loren Billings (National Chi Nan University) and Bill Davis (New Tribes Mission)
Research on the Greater Central Philippine languages (Blust 1991) has shown that its Central Philippine subgroup mainly shows Light-1st ordering of two pronominal clitics (i.e., monosyllabic appearing first), with adverbial clitics appearing between the two pronouns. By contrast, the Danao and Manobo subgroups (in the far southern Philippines) overwhelmingly show ordering based on grammatical person (Me-1st >> You-1st). Several Subanen (far western Mindanao) and Palawanic (far western Philippines) languages–as well as pockets of the aforementioned two subgroups–require Actor-1st ordering, with the GEN-case Actor preceding the NOM-case Undergoer. (Case names are traditional Austronesian labels and necessarily pretheoretic.) Just a few Palawanic languages–Molbog, Central (Quezon) Palawano, (Aborlan) Tagbanwa, and Central Tagbanwa–show a complex interaction of Light-1st and Actor-1st ordering. In these languages, Actor-1st ordering is found unless both the following conditions are met: (i) the GEN pronoun is long and (ii) the NOM pronoun attests both short and long variants. If so, then the opposite order is found. This analysis relies on classifying GEN pronouns into long and short based not only on number of syllables but on their order relative to an adverbial clitic: GEN pronouns that precede an adverbial clitic are short; those that follow it are long. As in one Danao language, according to Kaufman (2010), short/long status must be lexically specified because it is not reducible to inherent prosodic weight. Two additional Palawanic languages also show interesting cluster-external ordering. In Batak the NOM pronoun and the adverbial clitic, but not the GEN pronoun, precede a negated verb. Southwest Palawano requires any adverbial clitic to precede a negated verb, with the only the GEN pronoun preferably doing so. The data come from both published materials and our own fieldwork.
Billings, Loren A. 2007. “Disformation within pronominal-clitic clusters in Manobo and Danao languages.” Talk presented at the workshop Beyond Focus and Ergativity, Zentrum für Allgemeine Sprachwissenschaft, Berlin.
Billings, Loren A. 2008. “The relative order of personal pronouns across Greater Central Philippine: Light-first and disformation.” Talk presented at the 15th Austronesian Formal Linguistics Association meeting, University of Sydney, Australia.
Billings, Loren, & Daniel Kaufman. 2004. “Towards a typology of Austronesian pronominal clitics.” In Paul Law, ed., Proceedings of AFLA 11 [the 11th meeting of the Austronesian Formal Linguistics Association] (ZAS Papers in Linguistics 34). Berlin: Zentrum für Allgemeine Sprachwissenschaft.15-29.
Billings, Loren, & Abigail Konopasky. 2002. “Morphology’s role in ordering verb-adjacent clitics.” In Line Mikkelsen & Christopher Potts, eds. Proceedings of the 21st West Coast Conference on Formal Linguistics. Somerville, MA: Cascadilla Press. 29-42.
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